Causes of Civil War


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  • Why the Civil War Occurred
  • The Dred Scott Decision
  • You shall gain no such freedom, Scott.
  • John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
  • Let's show them we have had enough!
  • Shhh! There, quieter. We are almost there.
  • The American Civil War happened in 1861-1865 over a conflict between free states and slave states concerning with the issue of slavery, whether new territories should become free states or slave states. It was a war between the Confederacy, those who favored slavery, and the Union under Abraham Lincoln's presidency. Consequently, the war ended with the Confederacy's surrender to the Union.
  • Harriet Tubman
  • In 1857, the Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled out that slaves did not have the rights of citizenship, Dred Scott had no rights to claim freedom, and the Missouri Compromise of 1850 was unconstitutional. The Southerners supported these decisions, while the Northerners directed their hope to the Republican Party thinking that they could still prevent slavery if the party get strong enough.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin
  • How much are we worth?
  • In 1859, abolitionist John Brown started a slave uprising in Harpers Ferry, but his plan backfired when no slaves came to help. Brown was hanged afterward. The Northerners admired his actions and they celebrated his courage. The Southerners were outraged and terrified of more slave uprisings that some members of the Union asked for secession.
  • Abraham Lincoln's Election
  • Slavery is immoral.
  • She was a slave who gained freedom in 1849 and became one of the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad. She was an abolitionist who had helped 300 slaves escaped and gained freedom. Apparently, her actions were against the Southerner's ideology of upholding slaves, and that intensified the conflict between pro-slavery states and anti-slavery states.
  • She was an ardent abolitionist who published Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1852. As a result of her influential novel, Northern abolitionists protested even more fiercely against the Fugitive Save Act. On the contrary, the Southerners viewed the book as an attack on them, and the controversy continued with new intensity.
  • Lincoln was elected as president in 1860. Since he was an abolitionist, the South feared that their voice in the national government was lost, so they seceded from the Union and formed a Confederacy that recognized slavery in new territories and supported sovereignty. This division and the controversial ideology led to the Civil War.
  • Lincoln! Lincoln!
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