Missouri Compromise

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  • Addition of States
  • 36 30'N Line
  • Who was involved
  • I will propose an amendment to ban slavery in the Louisiana Territory.
  • Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state. Previously, the land had been part of Massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as "slave powers" in Congress.
  • A major provision of the Missouri Compromise was that slavery was not to exist above 36 30'N. This satisfied the North, since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase.
  • For the northern free states, New York Senator James Tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory. In addition, Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determinate whether or not a new state should have slavery.
  • We shall decide if Missouri is a free or slave state.
  • For the southern slave holding states, Missouri is added to the Union as a slave state. Although it exits above the dividing line, the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the Union in terms of free and slave states, and representations in Congress.
  • To satisfy the South, it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase. This ensured some expansion of slavery to the South, including future states such as Texas and Arkansas.
  • For the southern slave advocates, Maryland Senator William Pinkney held the belief states should be able to decide the nature of whether or not they are slave or free. Ultimately, Senator Henry Clay will devise the Missouri Compromise, ending the debate.
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