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Here's what happens during transcription and translation.
This is Tanscription. The first thing we have here is DNA. The DNA unwraps and unzips to make an mRNA strand. The strand of mRNA is just a copy of the gene. The DNA just zips back up and the mRNA leaves the nucleus.
After the mRNA is made, it leaves the nucleus, where the DNA is held, and travels to the Ribosome. After this process, it leads to translation.
The mRNA that was just made through transcription is used as a recipe to build protein. A Ribosome reads the recipe in mRNA and attaches amino acids in the correct order, which the amino acids are brought by tRNAs.
When the tRNAs reach the end point, the amino acids break off and then we have a protein. The protein curls up and travels around.
Proteins are vital to our bodies because we are essentially made of protein. Proteins in our bodies include Hormones, which coordinates certain bodily functions. Antibodies, which defend your body from foreign invaders. And structural proteins, which provide structure and support like nails, hair, and skin.
What is something happens? Well, even if the smallest change in DNA causes the protein to made differently then intended. If the protein is not made correctly it is a huge problem because it cant do the intended function and proteins are vital to our bodies.
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