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I am Charlemagne. I was a strong and brilliant king. I was also a warrior. Pope Leo III crowned me the Emperor of the Romans.
I tried to create an empire in the late 700s. My empire was huge. It stretched over most of Europe.
Charlemagne died in 814 and his empire started to fall apart. Invaders started to attack. His sons did not get along and they could not rule the empire. Many enemies attacked at this time
Muslim armies, Vikings, and Magyars attacked the kingdom. Vikings raided Britain, Ireland, and western Europe.
Muslims attacked France and Italy. Magyars invaded Europe from the east. All of these attacks happened in the 800s.
The kings were not able to defend their domain. Nobles could not get protection from the king, so they had to defend themselves. Nobles grew more powerful and kings became less powerful.
The Battle of Hasting happened in 1066. William and the English king, King Harold the II were fighting. Harold II died during the battle, so William won. William became the first Norman ruler.
Feudalism spreads throughout Europe. Feudalism spreads to Britain in the 1000s. William brought feudalism to Europe. Feudalism was the relationship between lords and knights. The lords paid land to the knights in return for protection. The manor system was when the knight gave land to the peasants to farm it. The peasants had to pay the knight a part of the crops they grew. The land that the lord or knight owned had a mnor, fields, pastures, castle, and forests.
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