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The Truman Presidency - Domestic Policies of the Early Cold War

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Harry Truman -HUAC Domestic Policy - Cold war - McCarran-Walter Act

Storyboard Text

  • ACTIONS/CAUSES
  • THE LOYALTY PROGRAM
  • FORMATION OF HUAC
  • THE MCCARRAN-WALTER ACT
  • We cannot risk a communist threat!
  • EFFECTS
  • Under President Truman, the threat of Soviet spies and infiltration were feared. With this, Truman helped lead the Loyalty Program, where potential government employees were investigated and checked for Soviet ties. If dishonesty was detected, people were brought before the Loyalty Review Board.
  • Also under Truman, Congress formed HUAC, or the House of Un-American Activities Committee. This committee allowed Congress to investigate anyone, in particular filmmakers, on their history with identifying as communists. The committee aimed to prevent communist ideas being promoted in the arts.
  • We must weed out the communist threat!
  • The McCarran-Walter Act, proposed by U.S. Senator Pat McCarran, proposed to reaffirm quota systems for immigrants from nations formed before 1924. It discriminated against immigration, particularly from Asia and Southern/Central Europe.
  • This act in un-American and un-ethical!
  • Under the Loyalty Program, several million employees were investigated. However, only a few hundred were actually removed. It did add a heightened climate of suspicion however, and further added to Truman's ideas of containing communist and socialist ideas.
  • WHO STANDS AS A LOYAL AMERICAN?
  • Although formed in 1938, HUAC took on a bigger meaning in America post WWII under Truman. Although many famous people fought against communist accusations, many also protested HUAC itself, saying it set a dangerous precedent. Still, HUAC helped play into many Americans fear of communist infiltration.
  • The McCarran-Walter Act was in fact vetoed by President Truman. In fact, Truman noted it as "one of the most un-American acts I have ever witnessed". Still, Truman's veto was overridden by Congress, and the Act was passed.

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