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  • Hey Grandpa, how did the United States get the government and Constitution?
  • Wait then what are the Articles of Confederation?
  • Well I will tell you, first there was the Declaration of Independence, which happened on July 4 of 1776, which stated that the US declared independence for British rule.
  • The A.O.C was the first written Constitution, and it was ratified on March 1, of 1781. Under these Articles is helped the States remain independent.
  • One of the biggest issues was deciding the power of the states, so the New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan were established, William Paterson from New Jersey came up with the plan that there should be one house and a single vote per state, and for the Virginia Plan it was presented to the Constitutional Convention and proposed the creation of a bicameral legislature with representation in both houses proportional to population
  • and then what happened?
  • Then there was the Constitutional Convention, which produced the U.S Constitution when they realized they had to ditch the Article of Confederation because of too many weakness'. James Madison was one of the founding fathers.
  • Some compromises had to be reached as well, because the delegates could not decide what to do. The Great Compromise stated that the senate has equal representation between all the states and is elected by the state legislatures, and the house of representatives would be based off the state's population, and this would be elected by the people, this idea was proposed by Roger Sherman. The other compromise was the Three-Fifths Compromise, which allowed ⅗ of all the state's population of slaves to be counted for the House
  • Then came the establishment of Checks and Balances, to make sure no one branch had too much power, and the Separation of Powers, which says each branch has its own separate function where they carry out what they are supposed to do. This was to ensure that a tyrant wouldn't arise. They also created three different branches of Government, Legislative which makes laws, has the power to approve presidential nominations, control the budget, and can impeach the president. Executive who enforces laws, consisted of President, Vice President, Cabinet, provides protection from environmental protection to the Nation’s borders. The Judicial branch interprets laws. Supreme Court, Appeals, District, the Senate confirms the nominations of Supreme justices appointed by the President and Congress can impeach any of the judges
  • Then there were the Anti-Federalists and Federalists. The Anti- Federalists did not want to ratify the Constitution until the Bill of Rights was added to it, which protected the peoples and states rights and made sure there could not be a tyrant. The Federalists thought the Constitution was fine the way it was, and saw the Bill of Rights as a potential break of Unity. The Federalists supported a strong National government
  • What is a "Bill of Rights"? And what does Ratification mean?
  • The Bill of Rights is the first ten Amendments to the Constitution, and that went into effect on December 15, 1791. Ratification is basically confirming something, or approving of it, when people or States vote. In the Constitution it is stated that in order to ratify, nine of the 13 states must agree to do so.
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