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Louis XIV Left France in trouble. The spending was off the charts, the debt was going up, and the harvest this half-year terrible. The French couldn't take it, so they decided to rebel. To pour salt into the wounds, King Louis made Estates, which separated the peasants from royalty. The First Estate, which was the king and queen. The Second Estate, which was nobles. And, finally, the Third Estate, which makes up 97% of the French population, and it's completely peasants. The Third Estate had the giant disadvantage, because the other Estates would vote against anything they voted on.
The Third Estate had had enough. They decided to band up together and meet up at a tennis court in Versailles. The king didn't like it, so he shut the doors on the Third Estate. This was called the Tennis Court Oath. Afterwards, the Estate went to Bastille and freed 7 prisoners. This was called the Storming of Bastille. Today, this day is known as Bastille day because it is the day the French Revolution started.
After his death, France turned into a constitutional monarchy.
King Louis had betrayed his country, and now the Imperial and Prussian armies were coming to basically free him. By a close majority, Louis was sentenced to DEATH by guillotine.
After Louis' death, the Jacobin's went crazy and started a Reign of Terror, in which lots of remorse and death happened. The only way to stop this was to overthrow the Directory, where they were. This was called a Coup d'Etat, and Napoleon Bonaparte went into power afterwards.
Napoleon became leader of France. He was a general, and now a king. He ended up snatching the crown out of a pope's hands to crown himself. He made the reforms of making everyone happy and conquering other lands. As a leader, he expanded the land of France. He created the Napoleonic Code, tried to ruin Britain by blocking them from their goods. Napoleon tried to take over Russia, but got defeated thanks to Scorched Earth Policies, and suprise attacks of the cold.
Napoleon was exiled after his defeat with Russia. He was sent to Elma Island to die. But, to France's surprise, Napoleon returns, with no harm done. France decides to exile him again, where he does die. The congress of Vienna restores peace to France afterwards.
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