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  • The Tariff Debate
  • I work a farm, so I don't need this tariff...I won't be able to benefit from increased sales...
  • The Angry Southerners
  • We southern states want to secede from the US if you won't let us nullify this federal law that's against our interests!
  • States have a right to nullify acts of the federal government and to secede!
  • The Attacks on Nullification
  • Robert Hayne
  • Nullification means the end of the Union. Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!
  • Daniel Webster
  • In 1828, Congress passed a law placing a high tariff on manufactured goods from Europe, so more people would buy cheaper American goods, but many southerners weren't glad.
  • The Thoughts of Andrew Jackson
  • Our federal union...must be preserved!
  • Calhoun
  • Vice President John Calhoun agreed that since the government was a creation of the states, the states had the power to decide whether federal laws are constitutional or not.
  • The Southerners Protest!
  • We will not pay the illegal tariffs of 1828 and 1832. Sincerely, the South Carolina Legislature
  • A senator from Massachusetts, challenged a speech defending nullification by a senator from South Carolina, but the arguments didn't change anything for the nullification decision.
  • Victory?
  • We have forced the revision of a tariff!
  • Jackson declared in 1830 that the union should be preserved, though Calhoun felt that liberty should take priority over the Union, to overrule the Constitution if threatened.
  • Jackson
  • The Union-next to our liberty, most dear.
  • The Southerners threatened secession if the government interfered, Jackson tried to ease the crisis, making a compromise lowering it, enforced by the force bill with the military.
  • In conclusion, the North was happy with tariffs, not the South, they protested and nullified, while Jackson disapproved, forming haters, but Calhoun approved. They also had to recognize that a state couldn't leave the Union without a fight.
  • YAYY!
  • Calhoun
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