Growth of Royal Power in England and France (2) - Qeng Xiong
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In following the Magna Carta, English rulers called for advice from what was called the Great Council. The Great Council eventually turned into the Parliament. Edward I summoned the Parliament to approve money to fund his wars in France in 1295.
Edward I had representatives of "common people", which were knights, join lords and clergymen in what later became known as the Model Parliament. The Model Parliament helped set up the basis of England's legislature. The Parliament eventually split up into two houses, the House of Lords (nobles and high clergy) and the House of Commons (knights and middle class citizens).
Hugh Capet was elected to assume the French throne in 987 by a group of feudal nobles, probably because he was too weak to pose a threat to them. Hugh, along with his heirs, slowly but surely increased their royal power.
Strengthening Royal Government
In Hugh Capet's reign, he made the throne hereditary. For 300 years, the Capetians had unbroken success and added to their land by playing rival nobles against each other and gained the support of the Church. The Capetians had built a successful and effective bureaucracy and established order which added to their prestige.
Philip Augustus was an outstanding French king who was shrewd and able. Philip Augustus strengthened royal government in many ways such as appointing middle-class officials to fill in government positions instead of nobles as it would owe him their loyalty.
Through trickery, diplomacy, and war, Philip Augustus increased royal land holdings by four times. Through trickery, diplomacy, and war, he gained English-ruled lands in such places Normandy and Anjou and began to take over southern France.
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