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  • The DNA is made up of nucleotides and each nucleotide contains 4 different phosphate groups including T (thymine), A (adenine), G (guanine), and C (cytosine).
  • Here is the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is the base of all living things including you and me! Each order or group of these bases determines the DNA instructions and commands .
  • DNA
  • n the process of making proteins the DNA goes through a series of steps or the "recipe for life" is DNA-RNA=Protein as well as the method for each step is DNA(Transcription)-RNA(Translation)=Protein.
  • DNA
  • We are also made up of proteins, everything in our body is made up of proteins. Examples; hormones, enzymes and antibodies which are all part of our body and how we function.
  • Transcription
  • RNA
  • Translation
  • Protein
  • RNA is an almost exact replica of DNA but instead of using Thymine in the RNA it uses Uracil.
  • The first step is transcription. Transcription when DNA is unzipped and a gene on DNA replicated to make RNA ( mRNA or messenger RNA ). It is single stranded unlike DNA and is a copy of the DNA so it looks likes the original DNA split in half.
  • DNA
  • RNA or mRNA
  • Ribosome
  • The next job is for the ribosomes to read the instructions or recipe in the mRNA where it will then begin to create amino acids which are the "building block" of protein by reading three nucleotides and attaches an amino acid that were brought over by tRNA when the ribosome needs them which creates a chain of amino acids which is the protein.
  • RNA
  • tRNA
  • Amino Acids
  • After the ribosome gets to the end of the RNA its breaks off leaving the chain of amino acids which is the protein. The chain will then form a specific shape and only if the protein is in the correct form will it then do its job that is needed in the body.
  • RNA
  • Protein
  • When the instructions or recipe is followed incorrectly, the finishing product (The Protein) will be different as well as the amino acids will be different which creates a different protein. 
  • Original Protein
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