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The Russo-Japanese War was fought between Russia and Japan for control over Korea and Manchuria. Japan attacked Port Arthur, Manchuria when Russia broke an agreement regarding territories. Russia's numerous losses resulted in chaos and revolts back home.
Down with the autocracy! Down with the war!
In January 1905, workers and their families marched to the Czar's Winter Palace. Here they petitioned for better working conditions and more freedoms. The czar soldiers opened fire upon the civilians, killing many. This event led to continued unrest and many more strikes.
Russia's involvement in World War I proved Russia's weak leadership. Russia suffered defeat after defeat, while supplies were dwindling. Soon the Russian soldiers began to rebel and refused to follow the orders from their generals.
Textile workers lead a national strike in hopes for better conditions and more pay. Soldiers were ordered to fire on the workers but they disobeyed and eventually sided with the workers. This led to the czar abdicating his throne.
The Bolsheviks stormed the palace and arrested leaders of the provisional government. They now had complete control over Russia. Lenin took Russia out of the war and signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Right away, Lenin dissolved the democratic assembly and outlawed all political parties with the exception of the Communist Party.
The White Army was composed of different groups of citizens. Some supported the czar, others wanted democracy, and some opposed socialism. They all had one goal: to defeat the Bolsheviks and their Red Army. This civil war was one of the deadliest in history. Despite international aid sent to the White Army, they were defeated by the Bolsheviks.
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