Sanaiya Antelbellum Project

Sanaiya Antelbellum Project

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  • Free Or Slave?
  • The North had factories and, machinery to do their labor for them, while the South used slaves to pick crops such as cotton on their farms.
  • Factories, and machinery are all that we need..whats the point in having slaves?
  • Why should free states get all the say? We need our slaves!
  • Missouri Compromise
  • This compromise did resolve some problems, and temporarily resolved the tension between the North and South
  • Agreed
  • States vs Federal
  • we make up the union, we should get to make the decisions!
  • Southerners were more loyal towards their state rather than the nation while Northerners appreciated the group of states as a whole.
  • our nation is more important..we should all follow the same rules no matter where or who we are.
  • The economy of the North was industrial based, while the the economy of the South was more agricultural focused. As a result, the Northerners did not economically need slaves, while the South depended on them heavily due to the recent invention of the Cotton Gin. Fearing an imbalance of power in the Senate, the South and the North were often concerned about the status of the new states and whether they were "free" or "slave" states.
  • No More!
  • In order to avoid war, the U.S lowered taxes
  • B-but..we need the money for our industries!!
  • This concern eventually found itself as the basis for the Missouri Compromise. To keep the current balance of free states and slave states, the US government admitted Maine as a free state when Missouri wanted to be a slave state. Territories above the 36 30 parallel were also considered free states.
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Southerners were allowed to have their slaves returned but trading slaves were prohibited.
  • Thank goodness! I thought i would have to pick all that cotton myself.
  • We found your um..slave sir.
  • In addition to the debate over slavery, the North and South disagreed on the issue of states rights. Northern states argued all states should follow the rules enacted by the President while the South wanted state authority where each state was free to make their own decision concerning the rules.
  • Dred Scott Case
  • Judges usually granted freedom to the slaves, however larger federal courts were usually in favor of slavery ( due to income purposes).
  • The disagreement over states rights escalated and the concept of nullification presented itself in the Nullification Crisis. Tariffs were placed on British goods and while the North approved the tariffs as it meant more money for their industries, the South argued this meant less money for farmers. South Carolina found the tariffs unconstitutional & refused to acknowledge them (nullification).
  • The debate of slavery in new territories continued into the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Compromise of 1850 declared that since California was to be a free state, runaway slaves caught in the North were to be returned to their owners (the Fugitive Slave Act). This provision was the reason The Georgia Platform (led by Alexander Stephens) approved the compromise. The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise as it argued for citizens to vote on whether slavery should be legal their states.
  • Tensions over slavery intensified. A slave named Dred Scott wanted freedom after his master moved him to a free state. But the Supreme Court, in the Dred Scott case, ruled he wasn't a citizen, had no right to sue, and was to return South as a slave. Then due to the Election of 1860 and President Lincoln's abolitionist beliefs, the South discussed secession. Georgia, divided between small farmers and large farmers on secession, ultimately decided to secede with Alexander Stephens as the Confederate Vice President.
  • "once free, always free,"
  • I file in favor of the defendant. Your case is dismissed.
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