Protein Synthesis

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  • Let's learn about how protein is made! Step one: transcription!
  • The DNA is stripped, and a copy is built, called an mRNA. This process is called transcription. Because the mRNA is the length of only one gene, it is small enough to leave the nucleus and carry it's information to a ribosome.
  • DNA
  • mRNA
  • The ribosome reads the "recipe" in the mRNA, which tells it the correct order amino acids need to be connected in order to successfully make a protein.
  • Amino Acids
  • Step two: translation!
  • Then, tRNAs bring amino acids over to the ribosome.
  • Ribosome
  • If a mistake is made during either of these processes, the protein will be made incorrectly, which will cause mutations in the person.
  • Amino Acids
  • tRNA
  • Then the ribosome connects the amino acids in the order the mRNA's "recipe" dictates.
  • The amino acids then curl up on themselves...
  • And become a protein!
  • Proteins: The building blocks of bones, muscle, cartilage, skin, and blood.
  • THE END
  • Thanks for reading! Now you now all about how proteins are made!
  • Written and organized by Sophie Phillips
  • How Proteins Are Made:
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