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What happened to Rome after conquering Carthage?
As Rome grew from being a Reoublic to a vast empire, a new system created by Augustus, a Roman emperor. By setting up a civil service, citizens would be emplyed by the government and paid to do certain activities such as collecting taxes, this was called tax farming. During this time a large part of economy was the trade of products from Latifundias, or private land that produced goods like olive oil and wine. These estates were worked by slaves. Interestingly, slaves could also have jobs requiring special skills like accountanting and practicing medicine.
So I've heard about some of Rome's conflict with other regions, but was there any internal conflict ?
Oh yes, one big internal conflict within Rome occurred becuase of two brothers, the Grachhi. The elder brother, Tiberius, had many new ideas for Rome and its law. He wanted an agrarian reform, in which the government would divide up new land in Rome and give some to the poorer citizens. The rich members of the Senate did not like this, and eventually he was killed during a large dispute between his supporters and followers. His younger brother, Gaius, also had ideas for laws similar to his brother. However a law was passed in Rome that allowed the Senate to call someone an enemy of the state and execute them. Aware that his death was inevitable, Gaius committed suicide.
Another conflict occurred in Rome between Marius and Sulla. Marius was a successful general who hated his rival Sulla. When Sulla was given a position in government and chosen to lead an army, Marius was very upset. The two than began to form their own groups of supporters that fought with eachother. Sulla's group fled Rome but later returned and were welcomed by the Senate who disapporved of Marius's group. Marius was put in exile, but he was able to return from his exile with a huge group of supporters that the Senate could not fight with. Marius became very violent with his power in Rome though, and eventually his former allies, including a man named Cinna, had to stop him, when he died Cinna took control.
What other stories do you have about conflict in Rome, this is pretty interesting.
There are a lot of stories, another intersting one is that of Spartacus. He was a slave who became a gladiator, a person who fought for entertainment in Rome, and was a leader in the Third Servile War. He led some 70, 000 slaves into rebellion. He led many successful battles but evetually he died fighting against Crassus's army and his foolwers were crusified, meaning they were nailed to a wooden beam and left to die.
It seems like there was a lot of chaos going on in Rome.
There was, that's why a little while after Spartacus's revolt three leaders in Rome decided to become allies and form what was called the First Triumverate. The leaders in the triumverate were Julius Ceaser, Crassus, and Pompey. Although the three were supposed to share power over Rome, when Crassus died both Ceaser and Pompey seemed to have a thirst for sole power. After a civil war, Ceaser victoriusly took control of Rome. While there are many accomplishments of Ceaser's rule and he was a great military commander, the Senate disliked the power he was gaining, he was becoming too much like a King. Eventually they devised a plan and killed him.
Wow, Rome has a very rich history. Thanks for helping me! I hope this will be enough information for the test tomrrow.
No problem, but you should really pay attention in class next time. And don't underestimate how hard the test will be like the leaders of Rome first underestimated Spartacus.
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