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hernan cortes Cortes left cuba in 1519 with the goal of conquering the aztec empire. The aztecs were the most powerful indian culture in all of central america. Montezuma ruled the empire that covered 200,000 square miles. Cortes and his 200 men defeated an aztec army of over 100,000. Wealth and power of spain increased. Mexico became a base of spanish exploration.
alonzo alvarez de pineda. (1519) Cortes who saw Pineda as a threat to his journey arrested some of Pineda's men. First known European to see and map the Texas coast. Established a settlement near present day Mexican city Tampico. Never landed in Texas. Pineda's mission was to map the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico and establish a Spanish colony. He was first to discover the Texas coastline.
francisco vasquez de coronado The coronado expedition.....Set out in 1540 for spain. Crossed the Texas panhandle and the Llano Estacado. Saw american buffalo. DeSoto- explored the American Southwest encountered the Caddo indians. Coronado was commissioned to find the legendary Seven Cities of cibola. They were believed to have GOLD. Met the Texas indians but did not find gold Coronado-explored the American Southwest and encountered indians. Was looking for CIbola and Quivira-cities of gold Learned there was no gold;only Pueblo villages. Coronado and his men became the first Europeans to see West Texas.
cabeza de vaca. There was a hurricane. They never made it to Mexico, instead they (80) ended up in Texas (Galveston Bay). They were cold,naked,starving,and had no food,shelter,or clothing. They met up with the Karankawa Indians who gave them fish,roots,and walnuts. When they received no more food from the indians,they ate there shipmates that had died. The Europeans gave the Indians disease killing 1/2 of them!
hernando de soto and moscoso
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