Transcription and Translation

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  • CENTRAL DOGMA
  • DNA --> RNA --> Proteins
  • Central Dogma states that.... DNA makes RNA, and RNA makes protens.
  • DNA
  • During transcription, the DNA as shown on the left unzips and an mRNA strand us built as a copy of a gene. This is the first part called transcription.
  • RNA
  • During translation, which is the 2nd part, RNA polymerase reads across the DNA making a complimentary strand of RNA. Once the complimentary strand has formed, it transports our of the nucleus and into the cytoplasm and find a Ribosome. It is read for the 2nd part of Central Dogma. RNA into Protein.
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  • Cytoplasm
  • TRANSCRIPTION
  • Nucleus
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  • Leaves the Nucleus and goes into the Cytoplasm and connects to a Ribosome. The end result of transcription is a complementary strand of RNA to later be read. 
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  • Ribosome
  • TRANSLATION
  • Amino Acids    ---into--->
  • The end result of translation is where the code from transcription is read and converted into amino acids sequence in a protein 
  • DNA replications and RNA being read go smoothly usually. However mistakes do happen in the process. When this does happen a Mutation occurs.  This is when the DNA gene is damaged or changed and creates a permanent change.
  • --Turns into this--->
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  • Mutation with the 2 red circles can create a different protein.
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