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The year is 1819 and the court case is between the trustees of the Dartmouth college and William H. Woodward.
(Narrator) The year is 1819,the court case is between the trustees of the Dartmouth college,represented by Daniel Webster, against William H. Woodward and New Hampshire's legislation.
The court case began because the legislature of New Hampshire tried to alter Dartmouth's charter. This would reinstate Dartmouth’s previous president, allow him to appoint positions to governors and it would convert the school from a private to a public institution.
(Daniel Webster) This is unconstitutional! This cannot be passed! Our charter is protected by the constitution!
(William H. Woodward) It's no longer protected, the contract was created with the king and we are no longer a royal colony!
This case brought on a huge controversy. If the court allows New Hampshire to alter the Dartmouth charter it sets forward the president that states are able to override other contracts.
But in the end the court ruled in favor of Dartmouth because of the contract clause in the Constitution.
Good! This means Dartmouth can remain a private school.
The majority wins by a 5-1 margin!
Although the contract was created with the King the constitution states that the states cannot pass laws that will override a contract.
This was significant because this limited the power states had involving private charters and corporations which largely influenced the growth in business. This allowed business to become more secure
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