French and Indian War
By taymul18, Updated
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After the colonists had settled in North America, the British were seeking interest in the land beyond the Ohio River Valley, but the French had already claimed that land and in that perimeter, they had a great fur trade with the Indians.
George Washington lead a militia to drive out the French. They began to build a fort which George called Fort Necessity, but while it was being built the French seized it. George and his men were forced to surrender, and even though he suffered a defeat, the colonist viewed him as a hero, which would help in the near future.
The British were having bad times in the war, and they needed help. Then a turning point came when William Pitt became prime minister, the head of the British government. He sent more British troops to North America, and to stop the colonists complaints, he said that Britain would pay for the war, or so they thought.
It was said that Quebec, the capital of New France, was impossible to attack because of the cliff above the St. Lawrence River, but one night General Wolfe's soldiers attacked the French guards. The fall of Quebec and the Montreal the next year marked the defeat of the French in North America.
The war ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1763. This forced the French to give up Canada and most of its land east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain. They also had to give up Florida from Spain who were Frances allies. As for the loss of their land, Spain acquired Louisiana.
The colonists began to settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains and in Native American territories which made them angry. So the king of Britain declared the Proclamation of 1763 that the colonists could not settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains. the colonists became angry and they became even more angry when they heard that their taxes were being raised do to the war when Pitt said that Britain would pay for the war. This cause then became of the greatest war in North America.
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