Causes of the Civil War
By thida, Updated
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Causes of The Civil War
Abolitionist John Brown
Slavery in America
The American Civil War was a four year war(1861-1865) that occurred between the Northern and Southern states of the United States as a war to determine whether the southern states will become the independent Confederacy or stay in the union.
Abolitionist John Brown was a key players in causing the civil war. He spoke critically against slavery, helped freed many slaves, and attacked slavery supporters. Moreover, he plotted an attack on Harpers Ferry by trying to get a slave uprising. His failure and hanging urged other Northern abolitionists to fight even harder for their causes, angering many Southern slave owners.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Slavery was a significant factor in sparking the civil war. Slavery split the union into the anti-slavery North and the pro-slavery South. This split brought many fights and arguments in the Congress and the populace of these two sections of the country due to their conflicting views on the issue.
Abraham Lincoln's Election
The Underground Railroad was a driving force that added heat to the cause of the civil war. This imaginary railroad led many slaves to freedom in the North which negatively impacted the Southern slave owners and their businesses. The railroad increased tensions between the two sections and angered the Southerners to secede from the union to create their own government so they could have complete controls over slave laws and slavery as a whole.
Harriet Beecher Stowe was a figure that heatedly sparked the civil war. Her book Uncle Tom’s Cabin stirred strong reactions from the Northerners and drove abolitionists to fight even harder for their cause. Meanwhile, Southerners saw the book as an attack to the South as a whole which led to new heated debates over the issue of slavery.
Lincoln’s success in becoming the president of the US caused the South to believe that they had lost their political voice in the government since Lincoln strongly opposed slavery. Before his presidency, Lincoln actively spoke against slavery as immoral and believed that slavery would not stop spreading without government regulation. Thus, when he at last became president, the South started to back out of the union to shape the Confederacy which ignite the civil war.
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