Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816)

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  • I'm so glad that I left Virginia, being a loyalt in such territories, ah I cant fathom it.
  • Lord Fairfax (dies in 1781)
  • Property of Viginia
  • Virginia can't do that!
  • This land belongs to my family
  • Thomas Martin
  • March 12-14, 1816
  • This is my land!!
  • Phillip Martin and David Hunter
  • The Great Lord Fairfax of Virginia leaves for England as the Revolutionary War rings on. In 1781 Lord Fairfax dies and leaves his land to his Nephew Thomas Martin, who was a British Subject.
  • March 12-14, 1816
  • I appeal the appeal!
  • I almost had the land.
  • A year following Fairfax's death the Virginia Legislature voids the land grant and transfers the land back to Virginia. An outraged Martin sues for the land that was rightfully his family's, and when Thomas dies Phillip Martin takes over the lawsuit.
  • The land is rightfully Hunter's.
  • March 20, 1816
  • What the Supreme Court is doing is unconstitutional!
  • Virginia has final say over matters that happen in Virginia.
  • A war of court between the man who was appointed a tract of the land, David Hunter, and Martin follows suit. Using Jay's Treaty (1794) and the Treaty of Paris (1783) Martin justifies that Virginia's actions were unconstitutional.
  • The Judiciary Act of 1789 gives the Supreme Court jurisdiction over state courts.
  • I appeal!!
  • Virginia lower court rules in favor of Martin, and Hunter appeals to Virginia Court of Appeals. They favor Hunter, and Martin appeals to the Supreme Court, who in turn rules for Martin, turning against the Virginia highest court decision.
  • Phillip Martin and David Hunter
  • Virginia refuses to follow the Supreme Court decision and unanimously decides that Hunter is the rightful owner. They say that its unconstitutional for the Supreme Court to rule over matters that happen in a state. A second appeal was put into place.
  • The Virginia Court of Apeals
  • Justice Story ruled that section 25 of the Judiciary Act (1789) did give the Supreme court jurisdiction over the Virginia courts in this situation, because the state was denying the validity of the Supreme Court. This ruling affirmed the jurisdiction to review state court decisions
  • Supreme Court
  • Justice Story
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