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In St. Louis, Missouri, there was a shortage of homes in African-American communities because of overcrowding in them. Families began to move.
In 1945, the Shelleys an African-American found a nice house and decided to buy it. What the Shelleys didn't know was that this house they purchased was under a restrictive covenant preventing Blacks and Asians from owning this property.
This is the one, honey!
The Shelleys did not buy the house as part of a movement. Louis Kraemer who lived 10 blocks away sued the Shelleys for violating the covenant and the case went to the Supreme Court.
WHITES ONLY! IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD
Kraemer lost the trial; however, the Missouri Supreme Court reversed the ruling saying the covenant did not violate the Shelley's constitutional rights.
The Shelley's appealed the ruling and once again the Court reversed it. A state may have a "restrictive covenant", but not one against race because it violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.
In 1948, the Shelleys WON the case and were finally granted there house!!
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