The American Civil War

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Causes of American Civil War

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  • Causes of the Civil War
  • The Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • The Abolitionist Movement
  • "Slavery is such an atrocious debasement of human nature, that its very extirpation, if not performed with solicitous care, may sometimes open a source of serious evils."
  • The American Civil War (1861-1865) was a war fought between the Union and the Confederate States of America. It resulted in the death of 620,000 people and leaving million more injured. The war has many causes.
  • Seccession
  • Sir! Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia had requested to secede
  • To maintain the balance between slave and free state, the Missouri Compromise of 1820 proposed that the region below the 36th parallel is allowed slavery . The North sees this as a way for the South to expand the presence of slavery. Thus, tension between the two regions built up.
  • Underground Railroad
  • They are running away. Stop Them!
  • Abolitionist believed in personal freedom and that " all men are created equal". They published newspapers and pamphlets arguing against slavery and its evil effects. They demanded to end slavery, but the slaveholders refused leading to deep resentment.
  • The Dred Scott Decison
  • Scott! You are not a US citizen!
  • After Abraham Lincoln was elected, "the South were convinced that they had lost political voice in the government". Fearing that the government under Lincoln might decide to end slavery, the South seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. This established sectionalism in the US.
  • The Underground Railroad was a network of meeting places, secret routes, passageways, and safe houses created by abolitionists to help slaves escape to the northern states and Canada. Thousands of slaves gained there freedom. This act of freeing slaves is against the state laws and US constitution. Thus, slaveholders were inflamed by the abolitionists' actions of freeing slaves.
  • Dred Scott was brought by his master to live in free state Missouri for a while. He then was put back to slave state but Scott claimed that he should be free. The court ruled against him. Chief Justice Roger Taney declared that because Scott is a slave he has no citizenship and thus has no right to sue. Scott was put back to slavery. This court decision was resented by many northers and abolitionists.
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