Perestroika and Glasnost


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  • Mikhail S., Gorbachev became general secretary of the Communist party of the Soviet Inion in 1985. He brought in his dual program of Perestroika and Glastnost "restructuring and openness."
  • I am going to make big changes.
  • Perestroika was the idea of restructuring the economy, like de-monopolization and promoting semi-private businesses. Also to reflect democratic practices and allow citizens to have a say in government.
  • Government has too much power!
  • Glasnost was the idea of openness and transparency within the government. More people were to be included in the political process through freedom of expression, decreased censoring of the media and permission to criticize the government officials.
  • Everyone has a Say!
  • As Part of Gorbachev's reform, he want to slow the Arms Race between the Soviet Union and the United States. Through many negotiations with President Reagan, they were able to agree and enact the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in 1987.
  • Nuclear Force is not the Answer!
  • Another key reform in Gorbachev's plan, was to give power back to Eastern Bloc countries. He unveiled this decision in 1988 at the United Nations meeting. These actions resulted in the fall of many Communist regimes, as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall.
  • Gorbachev, tear down that wall!
  • Many strong Communist did not agree with Gorbachev's actions and attempted a coup, which failed due to Boris Yeltsin the President of the Russian republic. The Soviet Union ultimately dissolved, and Gorbachev resigned.
  • We will not answer to you!
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