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Innovation 100 Years Later By: Molly Cuningham
Introduction: In the 1850s the U.S. expanded transportation, communication, and kitchen/household inventions. Many people migrated to the cities because of the increase of factories.
Cookie Cutter Homes: In the early 1940, many materials for building for homes were used for train tracks, munition plants, and other military-based structures instead. Like iron, wood, and copper. In 1945, there were 5 million house shortages. When materials were available again real estate agents and builders quickly took the need of these supplies. For example Levitt and Son's business houses were identical to eachother to save money
Building the Highways: Before the 1950s traveling around the U.S. by car was difficult because there were no highways. In 1956, Congress passed the Federal Aid Highway Act (Interstate Highways Act). Congress hoped that the IHA would improve trade between states and help the military to move supplies quickly around the U.S. Highways created a “car culture” in the U.S. Shopping, working, running errands, etc., all increased because it was easier to travel.
Welcome to the Suburbs: In the 1950s, many American families dreamt of owning a home. Many white American middle-class families moved to the suburbs to settle down with the affordable living there. A lot of Americans wanted to live in the suburbs because it was easy to commute and travel to destinations. Suburb areas began to spread out along highways. This was called a “suburban sprawl”.
Technology and Consumerism: American families had good jobs and rising incomes. The United States citizens grew wealthier. When more and more Americans gained homes they also gained many technology items. Advertising grew for these new appliances. These advertisments were called consumerism. Consumerism is a good way for the economy to grow. When times are tough consumerism can hurt the economy.
The Rise of Television: In the 1950s, TV sets became very popular in United States citizen’s homes. In 1948, less than one percent of America’s population had a television set. But, more than half of the U.S’s population had a television set in their home in 1955. The TV changed people’s way of using their free time. People made their furniture face the TV so they could watch. People ate food and watched TV with their “TV tables” companies also premade “TV dinners.” In the 1950s many TV networks produced shows and advertisers paid them to show their product(commercials.) Even though advertisers did not own the TV programs they did control which ones to their advertisement in.
The Computer Age Begins: In the 1950s many people saw great opportunities to replace working people with computers. In 1948 the first computer that was electronic was invented. In 1947 the Bell Labs invented the transistor. This led to the early creation of computers.Transistors made many things possible like hearing aids and radios. The computer was primarily made for business in the 1950s.The old new of inventing computer and everything else, help created our better, faster, and reliable technology today.
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