This is Percy Lavon Julian's family. Percy was born on April 11, 1899 in Montgomery, Alabama. His father, James Sumner Julian, was a railroad mail clerk. His mother, Margaret Julian was a schoolteacher.
Percy Lavon Julian was born on April 11, 1899 in Montgomery, Alabama. His father, James Sumner Julian was a railroad clerk. His mother, Margaret Julian was an schoolteacher.
Percy had to attend private school instead of public because they didn't have one at the time. He attended all the way up to 8th grade. After finishing middle school, Percy applied to the University of DePauw in Greencastle, Indiana. He immediately went to college because there were no high schools open to African-Americans. While there, Percy had to take high school level classes to catch up to the level his peers were at. This was challenging, but he ended up graduating with honors.
Soon after college, Percy took on the position as an chemistry instructor at Fisk University but later left when he received a scholarship at Harvard University. He was after his goal to finish his master's degree, but unfortunately the university refused to let him do that. After traveling for several years teaching black colleges, he gained his Ph.D at the University of Vierna in Austria. (1931)
In 1935, Julian married Anna Roselle who he met at Howard University and had two children. In 1951, Julian's family moved to Oak Park, Illinois. Before he moved in and purchased their new home, it was fire-bombed unexpectedly. It was attacked again in that same year.
Anyway, Julian applied for many chemical company jobs, but was repeatedly turned down because of his race. Fortunately, he gained a position as a lab director at Glidden Company. He invented Aero-Foam and discovered how to extract sterols from soy bean oil & synthesize the hormones progesterone & testosterone. This discovery treated many patients. Julian left Glidden in 1953 and created his own laboratory named "Julian Laboratories" in 1954. Then in 1961, he sold and become known as the first black millionaires. He founded "Julian Research Institute" - a non-profit organization.
In 1973 he was noticed for the first black chemist selected to the National Academy of Sciences. Sadly, he died of liver cancer in 1975 on April 19, 8 days after his birthday. In 1990, he was nominated for thr National Inventors Hall of Fame. In 1999, he was again noticed for the synthesis of physostigmine by American Chemical society. It was the top 25 achievements in America.
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