The Rise of Nazism and Foundations of Genocide
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 9-12
Difficulty Level 3 (Developing to Mastery)
Type of Assignment Individual or Partner
In this activity, students will create a timeline representing the events that led to the systematic and bureaucratic execution of over six million Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, the disabled, Slavs, “racially inferior” individuals, and any other enemies of the Nazis. Students will depict these events and describe how they are interconnected within the Holocaust.
|Treaty of Versailles||The Treaty of Versailles brought an end to World War I. Germany was forced to admit full responsibility for starting the war, was required to pay reparations for their belligerence, and was forbidden from raising an army over 100,000 soldiers.|
|Mein Kampf||Mein Kampf was a widely read political manifesto by Adolph Hitler. Hitler’s work outlined his goals to bring Germany out of its humiliated state following WWI. Hitler argued that Germany’s struggles were caused by the Jewish race and in order to save Germany, it would need to “purify” itself of Jewish “parasites”.|
|Hitler Named Chancellor of Germany||Hitler is elected as Chancellor of Germany. His plan was to quickly create a unified, one-party state. Hitler ordered an expansion of a state police force that would seek out political opponents to his National Socialist or “Nazi” party.|
|Anti Jewish Boycott||The Nazis carried out a nationwide boycott of Jewish businesses throughout Germany. Jewish businessmen had their stores and offices blocked by the Nazi Stormtroopers (SA). Although the boycott lasted only a day, it represents the first government-ordered actions against Jews.|
|Nazi Book Burning||The Nazi German Student Association burned any and all works of literature that were seen as “un-German”. All works by Jews, regardless of topic, were burned along with any other work that stood in the way of the new German ideology.|
|Nuremberg Laws||The Nazi government enacted a series of laws that reflected Hitler’s objective of purifying Germany of Jews. These laws revoked German citizenship from Jews and outlawed intermarriage or relations between Germans and Jews.|
|Anti Semitic Exhibition||Nazi Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels opened his Anti-Semitic Exhibition known as Der Ewige Jude or “The Eternal Jew” in the German Library in Munich. This anti-semitic exhibit was seen by over 400,000 and attempted to convince viewers of Jewish conspiracies to cripple the German state.|
|Kristallnacht||Kristallnacht, otherwise known as the “Night of Broken Glass” was the name given to the violent and destructive acts that took place throughout Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Sudenland. Over the span of a day, 267 synagogues and numerous Jewish-owned businesses were damaged or destroyed.|
|Jewish Exclusion from Economic Life||The Nazi government ordered a ban on all Jewish businesses throughout Germany. Jews were forbidden from selling any goods. Combined with the Nuremberg Laws, Jews living in Germany were essentially exiled from public life.|
|Warsaw Ghetto Established||The Nazi government enacted numerous anti-Jewish laws that forbade them from much of society in Poland. Jews in Warsaw were to be confined in an enclosed ghetto. Jews throughout Poland were forced into the Warsaw Ghetto, with nearly half a million occupants confined to a few square miles. Following their confinement, many Jews were deported to concentration camps.|
To extend this activity, students will create a Spider Map detailing the event they found most significant in causing of the Holocaust. In the description boxes, students will answer the following questions.
- Describe the event or action.
- What lead to this event?
- Who was impacted by this event?
- Why is this the most significant event that led to the Holocaust?