Le sikhisme est pratiqué par environ 26 millions de personnes et est la cinquième plus grande religion au monde. C'est également l'une des religions les plus jeunes du monde, car elle a été fondée vers 1500 de notre ère dans la région du Pendjab, dans le nord de l'Inde et du Pakistan, par l'enseignant religieux Guru Nanak. Le mot sikh en pendjabi signifie disciple de Dieu. Un adepte du sikhisme vénère un seul Dieu et aspire à vivre une vie paisible d'honnêteté, de charité, d'égalité et de foi.
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Guru Granth Sahib
Punjab is a region in northwest India and eastern Pakistan. It has five rivers so historically was a fertile place for civilizations to thrive. Punjabi is the name for the language and people. The Indian State of Punjab was created in 1947 when the former Raj province of Punjab was split between India and Pakistan. The mostly Muslim western part of the province became Pakistan's Punjab Province and the mostly Sikh eastern part became India's Punjab state.
The chauri is a ceremonial fan made of white horse or yak hair set in a wooden or silver handle that is fanned over the scriptures as a sign of respect for the Guru Granth Sahib as it is treated like a living Guru.
A guru is a religious teacher and, for Sikhs, a messenger from God. There were ten successive Gurus in the Sikh religion that make up the basis of their teachings. The first guru and founder of the Sikh religion was Guru Nanak (1469-1539).
The Nishan Sahib is a yellow (saffron) triangular flag that bears the Sikh symbol of the Khanda. It flies above Sikh temples or Gurdwara. The words Nishan Sahib means "exalted ensign".
The Langar is a charitable, free community kitchen where free vegetarian meals are served for anyone regardless of background. Food is cooked by volunteers from the community. Everyone sits and eats together on the floor to demonstrate equality of all people regardless of caste, religion, race, or gender. At the Golden Temple in India, 100,000 people are served each day!
The Khanda is the main symbol of Sikhism. It has a central double edged sword that represents belief in one God, the Chakkar (circle) representing unity and continuity of God, and the two crossed kirpans (swords) representing both spiritual and political or societal obligations that Sikhs undertake.