Plumbing is a system of connected pipes, valves, and tanks used to move gases and liquids into and around buildings. Systems include heating, cooling, and drinking and waste water. Plumbing systems are very important to public health, as they provide clean drinking water and take away potentially harmful waste water.

Modern day plumbing systems bring clean, fresh water to homes and take away waste water and sewage. They also provide access to other utilities such as gas. Modern systems can also transport rainfall water to stop flooding. The words "plumber" and "plumbing" are derived from the Latin word for lead, plumbum.

Plumbing originated in various early civilizations around the world. As they started to build larger towns and cities, they needed to create more advanced plumbing systems. The earliest of these advances were wells, and the first permanent wells were dug in around 6500 BC. Containers could be filled with water from the wells and carried by hand. Ancient Roman civilizations had more advanced plumbing systems compared to other civilizations at the time. The Romans created a system of aqueducts to move water into towns and cities. They also developed systems to bring clean drinking water into the homes of richer Romans. Early Roman civilizations also constructed systems to remove waste water.

After these early civilizations, plumbing technology didn’t progress much for hundreds of years. With the onset of industrialization, countries needed to find new ways to deal with the increased amounts of wastewater and sewage. A larger number of people moved into cities as the need for workers surged. London was most affected by this because it was the first city to industrialize. In the early 19th century, the River Thames was heavily polluted. It was being used to carry sewage away from the city of London. The river had become a source of many illnesses in the city, such as cholera and typhoid. A complex system of pumps and sewers carried the waste water away from the city and people.

Modern sanitation systems include plants, which process waste water making it safe to return it to the environment. Solid waste is filtered out and recycled or placed in landfills. Microorganisms are used to break down organic molecules. This water can be then safely reintroduced to waterways.

मैं इसका प्रयोग कैसे करूं?

सचित्र मार्गदर्शिका स्टोरीबोर्ड में समझ और प्रतिधारण को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए एक दृश्य के साथ आसानी से पचाने योग्य जानकारी होती है। Storyboard That छात्र एजेंसी के बारे में भावुक है, और हम चाहते हैं कि हर कोई कहानीकार बनें। स्टोरीबोर्ड छात्रों को क्या सीखा है, और दूसरों को सिखाने के लिए एक उत्कृष्ट माध्यम प्रदान करते हैं।

एक स्टोरीबोर्ड प्रस्तुत करते हुए छात्र

व्यक्तिगत और कक्षा-व्यापी परियोजनाओं के लिए इन सचित्र मार्गदर्शिकाओं का उपयोग स्प्रिंगबोर्ड के रूप में करें!

  • अपने छात्र स्टोरीबोर्ड को पूरा करने के लिए प्रत्येक छात्र को एक शब्द / व्यक्ति / घटना सौंपें
  • आप जिस विषय का अध्ययन कर रहे हैं उसकी अपनी सचित्र मार्गदर्शिका बनाएं
  • अपनी कक्षा या स्कूल के लोगों के लिए एक सचित्र गाइड बनाएं
  • कक्षा और स्कूल सोशल मीडिया चैनलों के लिए स्टोरीबोर्ड पोस्ट करें
  • इन स्टोरीबोर्ड को कॉपी और संपादित करें और संदर्भ या दृश्य के रूप में उपयोग करें
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