Az ókori Görögország virágzó civilizáció volt, amely lenyűgöző előrelépéseket tett számos területen, például a művészet, az építészet, a mérnöki tudományok, az orvostudomány, a csillagászat, a matematika, a filozófia és a kormányzat területén. Sok ideáljuk volt a jövő civilizációinak alapja, és befolyásuk ma is velünk van.
Many city-states relied on trade to supplement their needs. They would trade with places like Egypt, Spain, and Italy for goods like wood, grain, papyrus, linen, and enslaved people. Merchants, farmers, and artisans would sell their goods in the agora.
The land was mountainous, had rocky soil, and was difficult to farm. Ancient Greeks were able to grow crops like grapes, olives, nuts, and fruit. They raised livestock like sheep, goats, chickens, pigs, as well as bees for honey.
Artisans in Ancient Greece included sculptors, shoemakers, carpenters, blacksmiths, coin-engravers, metal workers, stonemasons, potters, and musical instrument makers.
ECONOMY OF ANCIENT GREECE
Ancient Greeks like the Athenians used coins made of gold, silver, and bronze as money. Spartans used iron rods as their currency.
Enslaved people had harsh lives and no rights. They performed many important jobs such as working on farms, in factories and mines, on engineering and building projects, in private homes, and tutoring children.