Chrześcijaństwo jest praktykowane przez około 2,4 miliarda ludzi na całym świecie, co czyni je największą religią świata. Zaczęło się to około 2000 lat temu na ziemi judejskiej, na terenie dzisiejszej Jerozolimy w Izraelu. Chrześcijanie wierzą w życie i nauki Jezusa Chrystusa, którego wierzą, że jest Mesjaszem lub zbawicielem całej ludzkości. Nauki Jezusa koncentrowały się na miłości, przebaczeniu, pokoju i nadziei.
Studenci potrafią zilustrować i zdefiniować kluczowe terminy związane z badaniem chrześcijaństwa.
Jesus was killed by crucifixion, which was a form of torture and execution used by Romans. According to all four gospels in the Bible, Jesus was brought to a hill called Golgotha in Jerusalem, meaning the "Place of a Skull”, and crucified along with two thieves. His execution was for the charge of claiming to be "King of the Jews". He died after suffering for 6 hours. It is said that Jesus prayed, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they are doing."
Pentecost means 50th and falls on the 50th day after Easter. It is said that on this day, the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Jewish harvest festival. For Christians, this day represents the fulfillment of God's promise and the beginning of the Christian Church.
The Annunciation marks day the Archangel Gabriel visited Mary and told her that she would be the mother of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. It is considered a "feast day" and celebrated on March 25th each year.
TERMS IN CHRISTIANITY
EUCHARIST / HOLY COMMUNION
Resurrection means coming back to life or rising from the dead. After dying on the cross, Jesus was laid to rest in a tomb. It is written that on the third day, he rose from the dead. Jesus' close friend and disciple, Mary Magdalene and his mother Mary found his tomb empty with the heavy stone rolled aside. He later appeared to his disciples so that they could witness his resurrection.
The Holy Rosary refers to a set of prayers and to the special string of knots or beads used to count the prayers used by Christians, typically Catholics, Anglicans, and Lutherans. The rosary is meant to be held and prayed with to focus on the events of Jesus's life and his teachings.
Eucharist comes from the Greek word for "thanksgiving" and it represents the events of the Last Supper, the last meal that Jesus had with his disciples before his crucifixion. At the Last Supper, Jesus gave a special meaning to the bread and the wine, which is remembered at the Eucharist. It is given during Church services and also called Holy Communion.