As American settlers expanded westward by the 1830s, Many native Americans still lived in the eastern part of the country. The "Five Civilized Tribes". The Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw. These Tribes had established farming societies with successful economies.
President Andrew Jackson, a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers demand for Native American land. He had fought the Creek and Seminole peoples during the War of 1812. In his Inaugural Address, he stated that he intended to move all Native Americans to the Great plains.
The Cherokee Nation
In 1830 President Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act through Congress. The act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west. Some Native Americans refused and most felt they were forced to accept payment for their lands.
The Trail Of Tears
American settlers wanted to force the Native Americans to leave their land and move West Many Americans settlers believed that the area west of the was dry and seemed unsuitable for farming. They thought that if they moved the Native Americans to that region, the nation’s conflict for land would be over. In 1834 created the Indian Territory, an area in present day Oklahoma that was set aside for the relocation of Native Americans
we cant farm in this region
The Cherokee, however refused to give up their land. In treaties of the 1790s, the federal government recognized the Cherokee in Georgia as a separate nation. Georgia however refused to recognize Cherokee laws. As pressure to leave mounted, the Cherokee appealed to the people of the united states.
we are not giving up are land
With 7,000 federal troops, General Scott threatened to use force if the Cherokee did not leave. Filled with sadness and anger, the Cherokee leaders gave in and the long march to the West began. Around 4,000 Cherokee died from starvation, disease, and exposure to brutal weather. Their forced journey west became known to the as the Trail of Tears.