Look an eagle. maybe the Gods are trying to tell us something!
What are you doing to that cow?
It's a sacrifice to the God of the Sea, Poseidon!
Telemachus demonstrates strength in taking the role of male head of the family. When a bard sings the song of the Achaeans' journey home from Troy, Penelope asks him to desist, but Telemachus chides her and tells her to take heart and summon courage. His chiding might be seen as lacking filial respect, but Penelope accepts his words, accepting "the clear good sense in what her son had said."
Telemachus is safe, I promise!
I pray that Telemachus is safe.
The eagle symbol appears for the first time and in a powerful way. Halitherses, an Ithacan loyalto Odysseus, reveals the meaning, which foreshadows the epic's end and the suitors' destruction. Augurs like Halitherses were vital links that connected the gods to mortals, explaining the fate that awaited humans. To the Greeks, the gods set their destiny; mortals' lot was to make the choices they face, await the unfolding of that destiny, and accept responsibility for their actions.
His first lesson is the importance of appeasing the gods, as shown by Nestor's sacrifice to Poseidon. Devotion to the gods is a duty for mortals, and the lesson is reinforced when Nestor makes a sacrifice to Athena after her transformation into an eagle. Menelaus's tale of being stranded on Pharos because of an inadequate sacrifice underscores the lesson further: do not stint on devotions to the gods, or punishment will be sure and swift.
Athena responds to Penelope's prayer by giving her rest and comfort. Though Athena assures Penelope of Telemachus's safety, she cannot say anything about Odysseus: perhaps there is a limit to the knowledge permitted to mortals, because certain kinds of knowledge interfere with fate.
Odysseus's grief and tears show that his memory of home has not faded; though Calypso has forced him into the role of a husband, he remains loyal at heart to his wife. Odysseus chooses mortal suffering and imperfection over divine tranquility. Though mortals often acknowledge their inferiority to the gods, it is sometimes implied that they prefer human life to divine life.
Nausicaa shows good sense by honoring customs dictating proper behavior for unmarried young women. Because of her uncertainty about the stranger, Nausicaa decides to let her more experienced parents make the final decision. Here, we see another possible reason for Athena's reticence: she does not want to provoke Poseidon's anger. She does what she thinks is right but she uses cunning to avoid conflict.