The Vietnam War was caused by France controlling Vietnam, but Vietnam wanted independence from France. The war was also caused by America fearing that Vietnam would become communist and from the conflicts that emerged due to North Vietnam being communist and South Vietnam being in a non-communist state. The war in Vietnam officially started in late 1955.
Operation Rolling Thunder
The Geneva Accords were the outcome of the Geneva Conference in 1954. In this conference, the Geneva Agreements were signed. The two most important outcomes of this document was that France would have to withdraw their troops from Vietnam and that Vietnam would be split into two pieces and reform the country.
The Mai Lai Massacre happened on March 16, 1968 when American soldiers killed more than 500 Vietnamese civilians in the village of Mai Lai. US Army officers were able to cover up the event for about a year until the American press found out. This increased anti-war feelings and further divided Americans over the war effort.
The End of the Vietnam War
From March 1965 to October 1968, Operation Rolling Thunder is what the American government called their bombing campaign during the Vietnam War. The US bombarded North Vietnam to aid South Vietnam and try to make North Vietnam weaker.
The Tet Offensive was a planned set of attacks by North Vietnam. These attacks were aimed at South Vietnam to decrease American influence in the war. This was the turning point of the Vietnam War, giving NorthVietnam the upper hand.
The Vietnam War results in South Vietnam surrendering to North Vietnam. Due to the Pans Peace accords, North Vietnamese troops were able to stay stationed in South Vietnam. Communism took over all of Vietnam.