Before Adam's inauguration he appoints John Marshall as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
The election campaign of 1800 between Adams/Pinckney and Jefferson/Burr was very different from those of today. Candidates and their friends wrote letters to leading citizens and newspapers to spread their views. The Federalists and Republicans fought a bitter letter-writing campaign.
In the election of 1800, John Adams was up for his second term when Thomas Jefferson swooped in and won over the majority of the election. Before John Adam's inauguration in March, he wanted the judicial branch to remain in Federalist hands so he appointed John Marshall as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
I 'm taking down the claim
What about Marbury's case?
The Supreme Court heard the case of Marbury v. Madison. Marbury went right to the Supreme Court to force delivery of his commission. Marbury claimed that he had jurisdiction as a result of the Judiciary Act of 1789.
William Marbury was upset that could not be a judge, the he asked the United States Supreme Court to issue a legal order called a writ of mandamus. He did that because he couldn't be a judge.
The Decision: Marshall turned down his claim. Marshall said that the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court jurisdiction to decide Marbury’s case. That meant the 1789 law passed by Congress was unconstitutional.
This was the first time that judicial review was used. Judicial review is the right of the Supreme Court to review and rule on acts of other branches of government.
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