MAS- The History of Tamaki Makaurau
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The Ngati Te Ata was another tribe. They were located south of the Manakau at Waiuku. Ngati Paoa- a Hauraki tribe- lived along the coast from Whangaparaoa to the Thames estuary. Wai-o-Hua- a federation of tribes- dominated most of the Tamaki isthmus.
The iwi of Tamaki Makaurau: The Ngai Tai tribe- descendants of the people from the Tainui canoe- settled in Maraetai. The other Tainui descendants were Te Kawerau-a-Maki. They lived in the forests in the Waitakere, and controlled land- from the Kaipara, across to Mahurangi, and down to Takapuna.
1600-1750: The Tamaki tribes built Pa (settlements behind palisades) around the volcanic cones.
They developed over 2000 hectares of kumara gardens across the isthmus.
1750: It was the peak of their prosperity, with their numbers building up to tens of thousands. Auckland was New Zealand's most wealthy and populous area before the Europeans settled in New Zealand.
1821: The Ngapuhi leader Hongi Hika wanted to avenge previous attacks by Tamaki tribes, so he attacked the region. Using 200 men 1000 muskets, he stormed to Ngati Paoa pa, Mauinaina and Mokoia, killing and enslaving hundreds. He also attacked at Te Totara- the Ngati Maru fortress near Thames.
1825: Ngapuhi attacked Ngati Whatua. The battle- Te Ika-a-ranganui- was fought near Kaiwaka, and although Ngati Whatua had a larger number of warriors, the invaders were armed with muskets and much more powerful. Ngati Whatua was defeated, and their chief Apihai, took his people to exile and abandoned the isthmus.
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