we need to take control over Vicksburg. It's vital
take control of Jackson, too
welcome to Jackson
hold the city!
I'm going to hold the city and fight
General Ulysses S. Grant thought that taking over Vicksburg, Mississippi was vital to winning the Civil War. It was a railroad junction and was on the Mississippi River.
General Grant also wanted to take control of Jackson because it was a major Confederate city.
For the Confederate, General Pemberton can't decide whether to take orders from Joe Johnston or General Johnston. One was saying to retreat, while the other was saying to hold the city. He decided to take orders to hold the city and fight.
lay down your weapons. then, you are free to go
During the fight, the Confederate Trench was blown up, leaving a giant hole in their defense.
As a result of this hole,, the Confederates had no choice but to surrender.
General Grant let them leave after the surrender, as long as they lay down their weaponry.