At the age of 13, John Paul had an apprenticeship to a shipowner and began his career at sea. He was a crew member of three slaving ships.
Captain of the Ranger
In the year 1773, John Paul was on the Island of Tobago when mutinous sailers attacked him for money. To defend himself, he killed one of them, then he fled and took on the name John Paul Jones.
Jones' Great Victory
In May of 1776, Jones took command over the sloop Providence which was equipped with 21 guns. He ended up capturing 16 British vessels in one single cruise.
Jones' Great Victory (Continued)
In April of 1778, Jones, captain of the ranger, headed into British waters to attack a town called Whitehaven to capture a certain individual.The reason for capturing this individual was to negotiate so America could retrieve their prisoners behind British Bars.
Jones' greatest victory comes in September of 1779, at this time he commanded a fleet of five ships. Jones' flagship was a frigate equipped with 40 guns, which was formerly a French merchant ship. Jones' named this ship the Bonhomme Richard. To continue, Jones Happened to know that in the fall, fleets of rich British ships were returning from the West Indies and Baltic, he planned to take them out.
On the 23rd of September, 41 Baltic convoy ships entered into view, to return to safety, the American ships ran. This is when they encountered the Serapis and the Countess of Scarborough, this is where these two British ships fought the Bonhomme Richar and another American ship called the Pallas.