1854 diplomats recommended to President Franklin Pierce that the United States buy Cuba from Spain. The Spanish responded that they would rather see Cuba sunk in the ocean
The Cuban political activist and a poet Jose Marti dedicated his life to achieving independence for Cuba. He was expelled from Cuba at the age of 16 because of his revolutionary activities.
In 1898, President McKinley had ordered the U.S.S Maine to Cuba to bring home American citizens in danger from the fighting to America property to protect it.On February 15, 1899, ship blew up in the harbor of Havana. .Although the explosion of the U.S.S Maine was a accident, United State newspapers falsely blamed Spain for the incident. More than 260 men were killed in this incident.
On April 11th McKinley asked congress for authority to use forces against Spain. April 20th 1898 the United States declared war on Spain. The leaders of the rough riders were Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt.
United states and Spain signed an agreement on August 12 called the splendid little war. The war lasted for 15 weeks. The arguments were centered mainly on the U.S had right annex the Philippines
The debate on the peace treaty of Paris argued about if the U.S had the right to annex the Philippines. Some felt the treaty violated the declaration of independence. 1899 February 6 the annex station question was settled with the senate's approval.