Peloponnesian War

Peloponnesian War

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  • the Peloponnesian War
  • Sparta despised Athens, not only for their societal difference, but their use of of the money from the Delian league. When the city-states decided to protest the use of money and free themselves from Athenian rule, they were punished. In 431 B.C., Sparta had had enough of Athenian hostility and proclaimed war against Athens.
  • WARRRRRR!!!!!
  • Athens, with its strong army and Athens, with its superior navy, had to create very differing strategies to defeat one another. Athens planned to attack its enemy on water to avoid Sparta and its army. Athens stocked their ships with supplies and used them to pillage enemy land. Meanwhile,  Sparta charged its soldiers in Athenian land, anticipating a big battle, but Athens was protected from all outside enemies, but none on the inside...(DUN DUN DUN)
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  • In 430 B.C. Athens began suffering from rashes, headaches, vomiting, and fever. The thin streets of Athens were an easy conductor of the plague, which killed 60,000 people, including the ruler of Athens at the time, Pericles. Elsewhere, the war raged on with brutal acts done by both sides. It was usual for an overtaken city to have all the males executed and the women and children to be captured and enslaved. A truce was called in 421 B.C., but it was not to last.
  • The truce, which was meant to last 50 years only lasted 2. The war was continued after Sparta and Athens began to fight over the fertile lands of Sicily, which were colonized by the Greeks. In 4.14 B.C., Athens attempted to lay siege to Syracuse, the strongest and richest of Sicily's cities, but Athens made many errors. Spartan reinforcements came and attacked the Athenians on both land and sea, killing and enslaving 40,000 soldiers, meanwhile demolishing the city of Athens.
  • In 412 B.C., Sparta strengthened its army by allying itself with Persia. The Spartan army slowly advanced on Athens, causing refugees to flee the overcrowded city. By blocking off Athens by both land and sea, Athens was forced to surrender.
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