The Ming Dynasty all began when it's leader, Hong Wu, overthrew the Mongol Dynasty. Named Ming, or brilliant the new dynasty would bring peace and stability for over 300 years.
Soon after, the local government was reorganized and these reforms led to peace and economic success. Many farmers moved into the northern region and crops like corn and potatoes became abundant.
Artisans were also occupied creating silks, porcelain, and other in high demand goods for the increasing population. By the orders of Yong Le, 2,000 scholars were hired to build an astonishing library and other forms of entertainment.
Le also moved the capital to Beijing and continued to create a large palace in the Forbidden City. In time, rulers kept themselves inside of the city and attempted to rule the kingdom. Soon after, weakening the Dynasty from this they were overthrown by the Manchus.
An adventurous and prospering sailor, Zheng He, took seven voyages around the Indian Ocean to Africa. Zheng He came home with trade goods, gifts for the emperor, and animals for the emperor's zoo.
He, helped Chinese grow as a sea power and guided great wealth from trade to the dynasty. In the future, explorations were restricted due to the emperors beginning to close the doors, secluding the dynasty.