Henry's infatuation with Anne Boleyn began in 1526 while he was still married to Catherine. Henry wanted a divorce with Catherine because he wanted to marry Anne. Anne didn't produce a male heir and gave birth to Elizabeth I. Henry then found Jane Seymour and accused Anne of treason and she got beheaded in 1536.
Catherine Howard (5th Wife)
I know of your pre-marital affairs, Catherine
Here we go again
Jane married Henry VIII in 1533, days after Anne got beheaded. Then after a few months, she gave birth to King Edward VI. Jane died less than two weeks after she gave birth due to post-birth complications. Jane was the only wife of Henry's wives to be provided a proper queen's funeral and Henry chose to be buried with her when he died.
Catherine/Katherine Parr (6th Wife)
You get to live
Henry VIII saw a picture of Anne and thought she was pretty, but when he met her, he realized things are not always as they seem. He decided to commit and Henry VIII married Anne in 1540, after 6 months, they got divorced. They had no kids together. However, Henry VIII did become close friends with Anne. Anne died of cancer in 1557.
Church of England
Henry VIII married Catherine Howard in 1540 after divorcing Anne of Cleves. Henry was smitten with his new young bride. But, in 1541. Henry VIII learned about the affairs that Catherine has had before their marriage (her affairs were with her music teacher and her cousin). In 1542, a bill passed that basically said any unchaste woman who marries the king is committing treason. So Catherine was behead afterwards.
Catherine Parr married Henry VIII in 1543, she was a humanist and widowed twice before marrying Henry VII, she also developed close friendship with Henry VIII's three other children. Being married the Henry VIII saved her from conservatives who wanted her dead and after Henry VIII's death, she married a former suitor. She later died from childbed fever.
As of now, The Church of England is the mother church of the international Anglican Communion and is the third largest Christian communion. It now currently has 85 million people in over 165 countries within the Church. The Church is extremely progressive and even allows the ordination of women and gay priests.