An increase of Bibles printed in different languages leads to many different branches of Protestantism. John Calvin, unlike Martin Luther, believes in predestination, the idea that God chooses our fate even before we are born. Many people agree with and support this idea, and Calvinism is born.
Hey, you! Wanna become Christian?
King Henry VIII wants to divorce his wife, but the Pope will not let him. The king grows angry and refuses to have any further relation with the Roman Catholic Church, so he founds his own church, the Church of England. It is from this Church that the religion of Anglicanism emerges, upholding most Catholic beliefs and practices while refusing to acknowledge the Pope.
The Catholic Church, upset with opposition from Protestants, wants to slow the spread of Protestantism through what is known as the Counter Reformation. To do this, groups such as the Council of Trent and the Jesuits meet to reform the Catholic belief system and make clear the differences between Catholicism and Protestantism. Additionally, the Inquisition begins to punish and torture Protestants across Europe. Finally, the papacy orders that all books considered dangerous or threatening to the Church be removed.
In an effort to convert more people to Christianity, both Catholic and Protestant groups sent out missionaries. These missionaries traveled all over the world trying to persuade people to adopt their religion. In certain regions, such as the Americas, they were somewhat successful. However, missionary efforts in Asia did not perform as well. Many new converts were executed. Though missionaries did poorly in various parts of the world, they still managed to convert many people to Christianity.
Religious wars between Catholics and Protestants continue, even after the Peace of Augsburg. In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia means fewer wars and a more stable Europe, however it is now divided into Catholic and Protestant nations. The practice of both religions continues.
The Reformation holds a lasting impact on our lives today. Both Protestantism and Catholicism are very popular religions in the United States and the world. Nowadays, Bibles are printed in many languages due to advanced printing technology. Moreover, democracy and federalism, both of which are very relevant today, are said to have originated from Protestantism. Clearly, the European Reformation was a major event that still affects us in our daily lives.