Thousands of years ago, a man named Siddhartha Gautama was born in 536 B.C. in Nepal. Shortly after, his father met with a fortune teller who told him that Siddhartha would either be a king or a religious leader. Of course, his father wanted him to be king.
I'm losing... so much weight...
He lived a life of luxury without experiencing any pain or sadness. Siddhartha's father protected him from everything that was unpleasant as he grew older and never saw anyone who was sick or poor. He got married at a young age and had a son. Siddhartha had everything he wanted.
I can see my past lives! That must mean.. I have reached enlightenment!
One day, Siddhartha went out of the palace with no guards when he was at the age of 29. He saw the four passing sights. One was a man leaning on a stick, the second was a man shrunken by a disease, the third was a man who had died, and the fourth was a holy man who had no possessions, but was still peaceful. He went into the woods to be a holy man, like him.
Siddhartha was now only living off of the food that people gave him in his beggar bowl, and he slept under a tree of in a cave. He studied with Hindu Gurus. He then went on a path of Self-Denial, where he denied himself all physical comforts. Siddhartha would also stay in one position for days while meditating. He ate less and less food until he only had one grain of rice and a jujube fruit. He lost a ton of weight, and for the five years of self denial, he got weak and fainted.
Siddhartha realized that Self-Denial was not the option to find enlightenment. After his strength returned, he sat under a fig tree to meditate. He sat there for 49 days and was supposedly visited by the god Mara, who tried to tempt him with wealth and power but had failed. Mara got mad and attacked Siddhartha with rain and showers of rocks. Siddhartha ignored and saw his past lives, and achieved enlightenment. He became the Buddha.
Buddhas purpose in life was to awaken the world to the true nature of life, and how to reach enlightenment.