Washington decided to advance the British at Yorktown instead of New York because the French were going to the Chesapeake Bay. With the two forces together, the British surrendered.
The Constitutional Convention
George Washington should be the leader.
The Second Continental Congress created the Articles of Confederation in 1777. The government was weak since the states kept their power and Congress had little control.
Principles of the Constitution
Popular of Sovereignty- Introduction
Farmers could not pay off their debts and taxes. On January 1787, in Springfield, Massachusetts, Shay led a revolt to steal weapons but the local militia caught them and killed four people.
Three Branches of Government
Legislative-Congress (Senate and the House)
Executive- President, Vice President, Cabinet
On September 1786, Hamilton called for a convention to meet in Philadelphia about trade issues. It met in May the next year and the delegates produced a whole new constitution.
The seven principles of the Constitution are popular sovereignty, republican form of government, limited government, federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights. It was written in 1787 and the Bill of Rights was added in 1791.
Separation of Power
Checks and Balances
The three branches are the executive branch, legislative branch, and judicial branch. They have three different buildings and are run by different groups of people.
Judicial-Supreme Court (9 people who serve for life)