In 1854 the U.S. attempted to buy Cuba from Spain. Spain stated they'd rather see Cuba sink into the ocean. Even after the U.S.'s failed attempt to buy Cuba they still invested millions of dollars in crops on the island.
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Jose Marti was a poet and journalist who's biggest goal was making Cuba free one day. He started a revolution in 1895 using guerrilla campaign, and got kicked out of Cuba.
The USS Maine was ship the Americans built to protect their assets in Cuba , but on February 15,1898 the ship exploded. Although the explosion was an accident U.S. newspapers falsely blamed Spain for the incident. That is an example of yellow journalism because they sold a fabricated story. This leads into the Spanish American war.
April 20, 1898 the U.S. declared war on Spain and it lasted six months. A group called the Rough Riders helped win a small battle. Though the leader Teddy Roosevelt became famous for the battle and a national hero.
On August 12, 1898 the United States and Spain signed a ceasefire fire agreement. On December 10, 1898 Spain met in Paris to agree on a treaty. Spain freed Cuba during this process. America won the territory of Guam, Puerto Rico, and was sold the Philippines.
The Treaty of Paris argued whether or not The U.S. had the right to annex the Philippines. After some controversy the Senators approved the Treaty of Paris.