In 1854 America attempted to buy Cuba from Spain. The Spaniards responded by saying they rather see Cuba sink in the ocean. Cuba failed to gain their independence from Spain in 1878, but they were able to force slavery out of the island. America began investing money into sugar plantations on the island.
Jose Marti was a Cuban poet and journalist that began a revolution in 1895. His plans were to revolt against Spain by using guerrilla campaign and destroying American sugar mills and plantations.
In 1898 President Mckinley sent the U.S.S Main to Cuba to bring working Americans in danger home, and to protect American property. The ship blew up on the harbor of Havana, killing more than 260 men. United States used yellow journalism blame the Spaniards for the explosion.
The Spanish America war started April 20th. Americas army included four African-Americans regiments of the regular army, and the volunteer cavalry of Rough Riders.
On August 20, 1898 the 15 week war with Spain ended be signing the Treaty of Paris. Spain freed Cuba and gave up the Islands of Guam in the Pacific, and Puerto Rico in the west. Spain also sold the Philippines for $20 million.
Treaty Of Paris
The Treaty of Paris caused many debates in the United States. One of these debates was rather or not the U.S had the right to annex the Philippines. This debate was settled though when the Senate approved the Treaty of Paris in 1899. Another debate was rather the treaty followed the Declaration of Independence.