The 19th Amendment gave women the freedom to vote. They were told that all people were created equal but only men had the right to pick who would lead our country. This Amendment was approved in 1920 by congress. In 1920 so many women's hard work paid off.
The 15th amendment prohibits the government from denying a person from voting based on their race. This amendment was ratified in 1870 and in the 1950's and 60's congress passed stronger laws to stop racial discrimination in voting rights.
The Eighth Amendment,ratified in 1791, mostly mentioned in the death penalty prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. This protects the people from "exclusive fines" and bail. This amendment made sure that punishments must be fair and not cruel and match the crime.