The Russian Revolution happened as the peasants and working classes revolted against monarchy, under Tsar Nicholas II's rule. Led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks, they created a new communist government leading the new country of the Soviet Union.
United States: the New Deal
Self-determination: the right of a people or a nation to decide on its own political allegiance or form of government without external influence
Latin America: Import substitution industrialization
After World War I, Ottoman Empire broke apart, with the Turks confined to Asia Minor (Turkey). The Ottoman Empire lost territories. German colonies in Africa and Asia became overrun by the Allies. They also turned to their own colonies and dominions for troops, laborers, and supplies.
Scandinavia: Democratic Socialism
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States to recover from the Great Depression.
ISI: Establishment of a country's domestic production facilities in order to manufacture goods, not relying on imports This led to the development of workshops, small factories, textile industries, and food industries in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, etc., and exports primarily composed of the primary products of the country
Democratic Socialism: people still have some say in government and retain individual rights and freedoms, though the government still controls most aspects of life