In 711CE, a Muslim Ethnic group know as the Moors conquered the Iberian Peninsula. They went on to rule it for more than 700 years. The kingdoms had enough of this and decided they wanted to defeat the Moors, so the Queen of Castile and the King of Aragon decided to get married to unite their kingdoms.
The Spanish Reconquista
In 1492CE, the Spanish Inquisition was reinstated. The Spanish Inquisition was both a civil and a religious court. It was set up to judge the Muslim's and Jew's who converted to Christianity.
The Spanish Inquisition
The Spanish Monarchy funded explorations to find new lands and to establish new trade routes to Asia. They also sent missionaries to these lands to teach the beliefs and customs of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Desire For Exploration
The Spanish successfully conquered all of the Moors land, leaving them holding on to a little piece of land called Granada. Finally, when they conquered Granada, the Spanish had control over all the Iberian Peninsula. The sultan of the Moors handed over the key to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.
Eventually the Spanish Inquisition turned into a torturing thing. If the Muslims and Jews decided not to convert to christianity, they would be tortured or expelled.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sent Christopher Colombus to find new land and colonize it. Christopher Colombus had been at sea for 3 months before he spotted land. His crew grew restless and were plotting against him, until they found land and shouted "Land ahoy!". When the crew arrived at the shore Colombus claimed the land for Spain and said "For God, Gold and Glory!".