British attacked Washington and went on with plans to attack New Orleans. Commander of U.S., Andrew Jackson, attacked the British at night on Jan. 8 but withdrew for cover. Battle continued again throughout until on January 8th morning until British General John Lambert began a slow withdrawal. Brought a victory to the Union.
Confederates fired the first shots of the Civil War. No casualties were reported on either side due to bombardment.South Carolina seceded from Union before the attack.
Gen. Samuel Curtis was determined to force all confederates out of Missouri.Confederate Gen. Earl Van Dorn attacked even though his men were weak from a ice storm. Union forces caused 4,600 casualties.Confederates never threatened Missouri again.
Confederate Gen. Beauregard order a military withdrawal. Union naval forces routed the small resistance that remained in the city.
Lincoln proclaimed Vicksburg as crucial because it’s economic importance as a shipping port. Gen. Ulysses Grant & Union forces bombarded Vicksburg. Resistance lasted 48 days until starving Confederates surrendered.
Union David Farragut and eighteen vessel entered Mobile Bay. Intentions of disabling Confederate forts. Despite Torpedos in the water, Farragut was able to penetrate the defenses and easily defeat the Confederate’s ships.